Kano State - Executive Summary
Introduction and Methodology
Between October 2019 and January 2020, as part of the Citizens’ Platform project in Kano, Nigeria, the project team of Aspilos Foundation conducted an evaluation of the public services and amenities in the state and the extent of the access that residents had to them. The team went and randomly interviewed residents all over the 44 LGAs of the state taking care to ensure a demography as balanced as possible. With respect to content, the survey forms were designed to address questions that relate to the existence of public amenities and services in each LGA, the knowledge of residents about their existence and availability and the extent of access residents had to them.
We had 1802 respondents which based on the estimated Kano population count of 13,076,892 is a statistically accepted sample population with a confidence level of 99% and confidence interval of 3%. Survey respondents were asked to indicate amenities they had available to them in their homes and LGAs, to indicate if they had observed abandoned public projects and an open form to talk about their efforts in escalating public service challenges to the appropriate authorities was also included.
We found out the following about the services/amenities available to Kano residents:
65% do not have pipe borne water provided by the government in their homes.
83% do not have a functional and accessible library in their LGAs.
96% have a primary health care centre in their LGA and ready access to it. This is the public amenity most available and residents are actually aware of.
84% report no functional fire service in their LGA
88% report not having a good transport system
97% do not have any waste management system available to them so individuals have to use private and usually dangerous and unhealthy methods to dispose of their waste.
61% reported the existence of abandoned projects in their communities and 29% were not sure if they were any abandoned projects. The projects in order of frequency were road construction, school and/or school blocks construction, improving health care facilities and provision of electricity transformers.
Only 17% said they had ever laid a complaint about their needs or problems in their communities to the appropriate authorities. Another 1.4% did say they had tried but were not successful.
We had two main reasons for creating the survey:
To help citizens/residents have easy access to information on the state of their communities. It’s important to have concrete, factual and statistical information when demanding accountability from the government so we wanted to make it easy for them to get this. In addition, people individually tend to under/over-estimate, as the case may be, the state of infrastructure in their communities so getting an average of their experiences and circumstances would help them have more accurate knowledge.
To provide a platform for other stakeholders; researchers, politicians, policy makers, government agencies etc, to get information that can point them in the direction of which to deep dive and/or take further action.
Therefore, we expect that the people of Kano will use this information as background/context to speak with their governments on the identified gaps. We also hope that other stakeholders can use the information for further research, advocacy and planning. Further information on the Kano state budget can be found here and here.
The breakdown for each LGA can be found in the links below according to senatorial districts.